Using proteomics and super-resolved imaging, we identified a module which we term DISCO (DIStal centriole COmplex) DISCO components CEP90, MNR and OFD1 underlie human ciliopathies. Without DISCO, cells fail to ciliate and transduce Hedgehog signals.
Cells inherit two centrioles, the older of which is uniquely capable of generating a cilium. Using proteomics and super-resolved imaging, we identified a module which we term DISCO (DIStal centriole COmplex). DISCO components CEP90, MNR and OFD1 underlie human ciliopathies. This complex localized to both distal centrioles and centriolar satellites, proteinaceous granules surrounding centrioles. Cells and mice lacking CEP90 or MNR did not generate cilia, failed to assemble distal appendages, and did not transduce Hedgehog signals. Disrupting the satellite pools did not affect distal appendage assembly, indicating that it is the centriolar populations of MNR and CEP90 that are critical for ciliogenesis. CEP90 recruited the most proximal known distal appendage component, CEP83, to root distal appendages formation, an early step in ciliogenesis. In addition, MNR, but not CEP90, restricted centriolar length by recruiting OFD1. We conclude that DISCO acts at the distal centriole to support ciliogenesis by restraining centriole length and assembling distal appendages, defects in which cause human ciliopathies. eTOC summaryKumar et al. identifies a multi-protein complex called DISCO (DIStal centriole COmplex) required to nucleate distal appendages and restrain centriole elongation, essential for the initiation of cilium assembly. Without DISCO, cells fail to ciliate and transduce Hedgehog signals, critical for mammalian development.