Glandular trichomes are involved in the production of food- and medicine-relevant chemicals in plants. In some wild Solanum species, the presence of type-IV glandulartrichomes leads to high levels of insecticide acylsugars (AS) Low AS production observed in the cultivated tomato is attributed to its incapacity to develop type- IV trich
Glandular trichomes are involved in the production of food- and medicine-relevant chemicals in plants, besides being associated with pest resistance. In some wild Solanum species closely related to the cultivated tomato (S. lycopersicum), the presence of type-IV glandular trichomes leads to the production of high levels of insecticide acylsugars (AS). Conversely, low AS production observed in the cultivated tomato is attributed to its incapacity to develop type-IV trichomes in adult organs. Therefore, we hypothesized that cultivated tomatoes engineered to harbor type-IV trichomes on the leaves of mature plants can be pest resistant. We introgressed into the tomato cultivar Micro-Tom (MT) the capability of S. galapagense to maintain the development of type-IV trichomes throughout all plant stages, thus creating a line named "Galapagos enhanced trichomes" (MT-Get). Mapping-by-sequencing of MT-Get revealed that five chromosomal regions of S. galapagense were present in MT-Get. Further mapping reveled that S. galapagense alleles on chromosomes 1, 2 and 3 are sufficient for the presence of type-IV trichomes, but in lower densities. GC-MS, LC-MS, and gene expression analyses demonstrated that the increased density of type-IV trichomes was accompanied by high AS production and exudation in MT-Get. Moreover, MT-Get did not differ from MT in its susceptibility to whitefly (Bemisia tabaci). Our findings demonstrates that type-IV glandular trichome development along with AS production and exudation are partially uncoupled at the genetic level. The MT-Get genotype represents a valuable resource for further studies involving the biochemical manipulation of type-IV trichome content through either genetic introgression or transgenic approaches.