Published on Fri May 14 2021

Sperm cryopreservation impacts the early development of equine embryos by downregulating specific transcription factors

Ortiz-Rodriguez, J. M., Martin-Cano, F. E., Gaitskell-Phillips, G. L., Alvarez Barrientos, A., Rodriguez-Martinez, H., Gil Anaya, C., Ortega-Ferrusola, C., Pena-Vega, F. J.

Equine embryos were obtained by insemination with fresh or frozen-thawed spermatozoa at 8, 10 and 12 h post spontaneous ovulation. Next generation sequencing (NGS) was performed in all embryos and bioinformatic and enrichment analysis performed on the 21,058 identified transcripts. A total of 165 transcripts were down

1
0
1
Abstract

Equine embryos were obtained by insemination with either fresh or frozen-thawed spermatozoa at 8, 10 and 12 h post spontaneous ovulation, maintaining the pairs mare-stallion for the type of semen used. Next generation sequencing (NGS) was performed in all embryos and bioinformatic and enrichment analysis performed on the 21,058 identified transcripts. A total of 165 transcripts were downregulated in embryos obtained with cryopreserved spermatozoa respect embryos resulting from an insemination with fresh spermatozoa (p=0.021, q=0.1). The enrichment analysis using human orthologs using g:profiler on the downregulated transcripts marked an enrichment in transcription factors (TFs) in mRNAs downregulated in embryos obtained after insemination with cryopreserved spermatozoa. The 12 mRNAs (discriminant variables) most significantly downregulated in these embryos included among others, the chromatin-remodeling ATPase INO80, Lipase maturation factor 1 LMF1, the mitochondrial mRNA pseudouridine synthase RPUSD3, LIM and cysteine-rich domains protein 1, LMCD1. Sperm cryopreservation also caused a significant impact on the embryos at 8 to 10 days of development, but especially in the transition from 10 to 12 days. Overall, our findings provide strong evidence that insemination with cryopreserved spermatozoa poses a major impact in embryo development that may compromise its growth and viability, probably due to modifications in sperm proteins induced by cryopreservation. Identification of specific factors in the spermatozoa causing these changes may improve cryopreservation.