Published on Sun Oct 03 2021

Detection of the 40-Hz Auditory Steady-state Response with Optically Pumped Magnetometers

An, K.-m., Shim, J. H., Kwon, H., Lee, Y.-H., Yu, K.-K., Kwon, M., Chun, W. Y., Hirosawa, T., Hasegawa, C., Iwasaki, S., Kikuchi, M., Kim, K.

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a functional neuroimaging technique that noninvasively detects the brain magnetic field from neuronal activations. Conventional MEG measures brain signals using superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) Recently, miniature optically pumped

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Abstract

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a functional neuroimaging technique that noninvasively detects the brain magnetic field from neuronal activations. Conventional MEG measures brain signals using superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs). SQUID based MEG requires a cryogenic environment involving a bulky non-magnetic dewar and the consumption of liquid helium, which restricts the variability of the sensor array and the gap between the cortical sources and sensors. Recently, miniature optically pumped magnetometers (OPMs) have been developed and commercialized. OPMs do not require cryogenic cooling and can be placed within millimeters from the scalp. In the present study, we arranged six OPM sensors on the temporal area to detect auditory related brain responses in a two layer magnetically shielded room. We presented the auditory stimuli of 1 kHz pure tone bursts with 200 ms duration and obtained the M50 and M100 components of auditory evoked fields. We delivered the periodic stimuli with a 40 Hz repetition rate and observed the gamma band power changes and inter trial phase coherence of auditory steady state responses at 40 Hz. We found that the OPM sensors have a performance comparable to that of conventional SQUID based MEG sensors, and our results suggest the feasibility of using OPM sensors for functional neuroimaging and brain computer interface applications.