Published on Tue Aug 24 2021

Genome-wide development of lncRNA-derived-SSR markers for Dongxiang wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff.)

Yang, W., FAN, Y., Chen, Y., Ding, G., Liu, H., Xie, J., Zhang, F.

Dongxiang wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff., DXWR) is the northernmost distributed common wild rice found in the world. It contains a large number of agronomically valuable genes, which makes it a natural gene pool for rice breeding.

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Abstract

Dongxiang wild rice (Oryza rufipogon Griff., DXWR) is the northernmost distributed common wild rice found in the world. It contains a large number of agronomically valuable genes, which makes it a natural gene pool for rice breeding. Molecular markers, especially simple repeat sequence (SSR) markers, play important roles in crop breeding. Although a large number of SSR markers have been developed, most of them are derived from the genome coding sequences, rarely from non-coding sequences. Meanwhile, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), which are derived from the transcription of non-coding sequences, play vital roles in plant growth, development and stress responses. In this study, 1878 SSR loci were detected from the lncRNA sequences of DXWR, and 1258 lncRNA-derived-SSR markers were developed on the genome-wide scale. To verify the validity and applicability of these markers, 72 pairs of primers were randomly selected to test 44 rice materials. The results showed that 42 (58.33%) pairs of primers have abundant polymorphism among these rice materials; the polymorphism information content (PIC) values ranged from 0.04 to 0.87 with an average of 0.50; the genetic diversity index of SSR loci varied from 0.04 to 0.88 with an average of 0.56; and the number of alleles per marker ranged from 2 to 11 with an average of 4.36. Thus, we concluded that these lncRNA-derived-SSR markers are a very useful source for future basic and applied research, including genetic diversity analysis, QTL mapping, and molecular breeding programs, to make good use of the elite lncRNA genes from DXWR.