Published on Thu Jul 29 2021

Surface electric fields increase human osteoclast resorption through improved wettability on carbonate-incorporated apatite

Muguruza, L. B., Makela, K., Yrjala, T., Salonen, J., Yamashita, K., Nakamura, M.

Osteoclast-mediated bioresorption can be of an efficient means of incorporating the dissolution of biomaterials in the bone remodeling process. Synthetic carbonate-substituted hydroxyapatite (CA) is considered as an ideal clinical biomaterial. Electrical polarization

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Abstract

Osteoclast-mediated bioresorption can be of an efficient means of incorporating the dissolution of biomaterials in the bone remodeling process. Because of compositionally and structurally close resemblance of biomaterials with the natural mineral phases of the bone matrix, synthetic carbonate-substituted hydroxyapatite (CA) is considered as an ideal clinical biomaterial. The present study therefore investigated the effects of electrical polarization on the surface characteristics and interactions with human osteoclasts of hydroxyapatite (HA) and CA. Electrical polarization was found to improve the surface wettability of these materials by increasing the surface free energy, and this effect was maintained for one month. Analyses of human osteoclast cultures established that CA subjected to a polarization treatment accelerated osteoclast resorption but did not affect the early differentiation phase or the adherent morphology of the osteoclasts as evaluated by staining. These data suggest that the surface characteristics of the CA promoted osteoclast resorption. The results of this work are expected to contribute to the design of cell-mediated biomaterials that can be resorbed by osteoclasts after fulfilling their primary function as a scaffold for bone regeneration.