Published on Thu Sep 30 2021

A NET4-RabG3 couple mediate the link between actin and the tonoplast and is essential for normal actin cytoskeletal remodelling in stomatal closure to flg22

HAWKINS, T. J., Kopischke, M., Mentlak, D., Duckney, P., Kroon, J., Bui, M. T., Richardson, C., Casey, M., Alexander, A., De Jaeger, G., Kalde, M., Moore, I., Dagdas, Y., Hussey, P. J., Robatzek, S.

Members of the NETWORKED (NET) family are involved in actin-membrane interactions. They tether the cell's plasma membrane to the actin network. We show that two members of the NET family, NET4A and NET4B, are essential for normal guard cell actin reorganization.

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Abstract

Members of the NETWORKED (NET) family are involved in actin-membrane interactions. They tether the cell's plasma membrane (PM) to the actin network. Moreover, in a similar manner, they are also involved in the tethering of membrane bound organelles to the actin cytoskeleton; the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the ER to the PM. This raises the question as to whether NET proteins are involved in actin cytoskeletal remodelling. Here we show that two members of the NET family, NET4A and NET4B, are essential for normal guard cell actin reorganization, which is a process critical for stomatal closure in plant immunity. NET4 proteins interact with F-actin and with members of the Rab7 GTPase RABG3 family through two distinct domains, allowing for simultaneous localization to actin filaments and the tonoplast. NET4 proteins interact with GTP-bound, active RABG3 members, suggesting their function as downstream effectors. We also show that RABG3b is critical for stomatal closure induced by microbial patterns. Taken together, we conclude that the actin cytoskeletal remodelling during stomatal closure depends on a molecular link between actin filaments and the tonoplast, which is mediated by the NET4-RABG3b interaction. We propose that stomatal closure to microbial patterns involves the coordinated action of immune signalling events and proper actin cytoskeletal remodelling.