Published on Mon Aug 23 2021

An NLR Integrated Decoy toolkit to identify plant pathogen effector targets

Landry, D., Mila, I., Sabbagh, C. R. R., Zaffuto, M., Pouzet, C., Trenousaygue, D., Dabos, P., Deslandes, L., Peeters, N.

Plant resistance genes (or NLR, Nod-like Receptors) are known to contain atypical domains procuring them with a decoy capacity. Some of these integrated domains (or ID) allow the plant to lure the virulence determinants (effectors) of pathogens and triggering a specific NLR immune reaction.

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Abstract

Plant resistance genes (or NLR, Nod-like Receptors) are known to contain atypical domains procuring them with a decoy capacity. Some of these integrated domains (or ID) allow the plant to lure the virulence determinants (effectors) of pathogens and triggering a specific NLR immune reaction. In this work, our goal was to generate a library of known IDs that could be screened with plant pathogen effectors in order to identify putative new effector virulence targets and NLR-effector pairs. We curated the IDs contained in NLRs from seven model and crop plant species. We cloned 52 IDs representing 31 distinct Pfam domains. This library was screened for interaction by yeast-two-hybrid with a set of 31 conserved Ralstonia solanacearum type III effectors. This screening and the further in planta interaction assay allowed us to identify three interactions, involving different IDs (kinase, DUF3542, WRKY) and two type III effectors (RipAE and PopP2). PopP2 was found to physically interact with ID#85, an atypical WRKY domain integrated in the GmNLR-ID85 NLR protein from Soybean. Using a imaging method in living plant cells, we showed that PopP2 associates with ID#85 in the nucleus. But unlike the known WRKY-containing Arabidopsis RRS1-R NLR receptor, this newly identified soybean WRKY domain could not be acetylated by PopP2 and its atypical sequence (WRKYGKR) also probably renders it inefficient in plant immunity triggering. This ID toolkit is available for screening with other plant pathogen effectors and should prove useful to discover new effectors targets and potentially engineer new plant resistance genes.