Published on Wed Sep 01 2021

Diurnal activity budget of Hippopotamus amphibius at Bui National Park, Ghana

Bempah, G., Owusu, D. O.

Study of Hippopotamus amphibius at the Black Volta River in the Bui National Park, Ghana. H. amphibius spent most of their day time resting (54.75%) followed by feeding (22.93%) and walking.

1
0
0
Abstract

Animals apportion time for their daily behavioral activities. We studied the activity budget of Hippopotamus amphibius at the Black Volta River in the Bui National Park, Ghana. We performed instantaneous scan sample using ground count survey between August 2020 to July 2021. We observed that H. amphibius spent most of their day time resting (54.75 %), followed by feeding (22.93 %), walking (19.2 %) and touching (3.12 %). We found significant difference in the time spent between the daily activities (H = 41.67; p < 0.0001). Except activities involving touching, we found no significant seasonal differences in feeding, resting and walking activities by H. amphibius. Understanding the behavioral activities of H. amphibius will enhance management and conservation of the animals.