Published on Tue Sep 03 2019

Interaction between the assembly of the ribosomal subunits: Disruption of 40S ribosomal assembly causes accumulation of extra-ribosomal 60S ribosomal protein uL18/L5

Rahman, N., Shamsuzzaman, M., Lindahl, L.

Ribosomal components that are not stably incorporated into ribosomal particles due to the disrupted assembly are rapidly degraded. The 60S protein uL18/L5 is an exception, because this protein accumulates extra-ribosomally during inhibition of 60S assembly.

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Abstract

Inhibition of the synthesis of a ribosomal protein (r-protein) abrogates the assembly of its cognate subunit, while assembly of the other subunit continues. Ribosomal components that are not stably incorporated into ribosomal particles due to the disrupted assembly are rapidly degraded. The 60S protein uL18/L5 is an exception, because this protein accumulates extra-ribosomally during inhibition of 60S assembly. Since the r-proteins in each ribosomal subunit are essential only for formation of their own subunit, it would be predicted that accumulation of extra-ribosomal uL18/5 only occurs during restriction of 60S assembly, and not during abolition of 40S assembly. Contrary to this prediction, we report here that repression of 40S r-protein genes does in fact lead to accumulation of uL18/L5 does outside the ribosome due modified 60S assembly. Furthermore, the effect varies depending on which 40S ribosomal protein is repressed. We propose that disruption of early steps in the 40S subunit assembly changes the kinetics of 60S subunit assembly resulting in a buildup of extra-ribosomal uL18/L5, even though 60S formation continues. Finally, our results show that maintenance of the pool of extra-ribosomal uL18/L5 requires continual protein synthesis showing that extra-ribosomal protein is not stable, but is slowly \"consumed\" by incorporation into 60S subunits and/or turnover.